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Table 1 General linear mixed model (GLMM) results of treatment and sex effects on the stickleback brain

From: Experimental evidence for sex-specific plasticity in adult brain

  Total brain Bulbus olfactorius Telencephalon Tectum opticum Cerebellum Hypothalamus
Treatment 1.50 (1214) 1.37 (1217) 0.20 (1223) 4.19 (1217) 1.91 (1221) 0.70 (1221)
0.22 (0.06) 0.24 (0.05) 0.65 (0.01) 0.042 (0.08) 0.17 (0.05) 0.40 (0.07)
Sex 83.34 (1222) 1.95 (1219) 34.10 (1225) 0.02 (1219) 8.90 (1222) 5.13(1222)
<0.001 (0.48) 0.16 (0.17) <0.001 (0.24) 0.90 (0.02) 0.003 (0.13) 0.024 (0.13)
Treatment × Sex 5.56 (1216) 5.02 (1215) 0.42 (1220) 0.28 (1214) 0.08 (1216) 0.29 (1216)
0.019 (0.16) 0.026 (0.15) 0.52 (0.04) 0.60 (0.04) 0.77 (0.02) 0.59 (0.04)
Standard length 293.53 (1223) -- -- -- -- --
<0.001 (0.75)
Total brain -- 90.24 (1210) 303.32 (1143) 1021.91 (1213) 316.94 (1187) 216.24 (1191)
<0.001 (0.55) <0.001 (0.82) <0.001 (0.91) <0.001 (0.79) <0.001 (0.73)
Marginal R 2 0.46 0.22 0.51 0.75 0.49 0.43
  1. F-statistics with numerator and denominator degrees of freedom in parentheses and P-values with effect sizes (r) in parentheses are given. Marginal R 2 is calculated following Nakagawa and Schielzeth [52]. Significant effects are in bold